Commodity market report

Global lead long-term outlook Q2 2015

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Report summary

The refined market is forecast to move into deficit this year after a largely balanced market last year, with a higher level of deficit in the proceeding two years. Combined with continuing scrap tightness forcing up raw material costs, the commodity price will peak during 2017 before subsiding again as the market moves back into surplus from 2018 onwards. Medium-term global growth will be 3.2% p.a. as many economies continue the process of economic recovery.

What's included

This report contains

  • Document

    Lead Tables LTO Q2 2015.pdf

    PDF 1.51 MB

  • Document

    Slide pack lead LTO Q2 2015.pdf

    PDF 786.26 KB

  • Document

    Demand main changes lead LTO Q2 2015.xls

    XLS 160.50 KB

  • Document

    Demand analysis lead LTO Q2 2015.xls

    XLS 519.00 KB

  • Document

    Supply main changes lead LTO Q2 2015.xls

    XLS 559.00 KB

  • Document

    Production rankings lead LTO Q2 2015.xls

    XLS 226.50 KB

  • Document

    Equity Production lead LTO Q2 2015.xls

    XLS 4.52 MB

  • Document

    Mine analysis lead LTO Q2 2015.xls

    XLS 2.68 MB

  • Document

    Smelter analysis lead LTO Q2 2015.xls

    XLS 1.28 MB

  • Document

    Refinery analysis lead LTO Q2 2015.xls

    XLS 1.31 MB

  • Document

    Market balance and prices lead LTO Q2 2015.xls

    XLS 330.50 KB

  • Document

    Global lead long-term outlook Q2 2015

    PDF 809.95 KB

  • Document

    Global lead long-term outlook Q2 2015

    ZIP 5.18 MB

  • Document

    Executive summary

    PDF 73.49 KB

  • Document

    Supply-demand balances

    PDF 100.98 KB

  • Document


    PDF 475.28 KB

  • Document


    PDF 203.10 KB

Table of contents

Tables and charts

This report includes 42 images and tables including:


  • Global refined lead balance and price
  • Primary v secondary output
  • Global price and stocks
  • Chinese lead demand in auto and ebike batteries (excluding trade)
  • Ebikes still lead demand in medium term
  • Vehicle and industrial batteries dominate longer term
  • Auto sector shows strongest growth but inverters will remain key
  • Indian lead demand by sector
  • Vehicles to overtake industrial sector
  • Demand dominated by industrial batteries
  • Auto replacement declining due to imports
  • Replacement sector stable, industrial and OE sectors provide medium-term growth
  • US end use by sector
  • SLI replacement to offset weaker sectors
  • Requirement for and sources of new mine production


  • Global lead consumption
  • Asian lead consumption
  • European lead consumption
  • North American lead consumption
  • Latin American lead consumption
  • African lead mine capability
  • Asian lead mine capability
  • European lead mine capability
  • Latin American lead mine capability
  • Middle East lead mine capability
  • North American lead mine capability
  • Oceania lead mine capability
  • Russia and the Caspian lead mine capability
  • Global lead mine production capability change
  • Global mine production capability and market adjustment
  • Analysis of the lead-zinc mine production ratio
  • Changes to possible projects listing
  • Global refined lead production capability
  • African refined lead production
  • New Chinese refined capacity (forecast production, kt Pb)
  • Asian refined lead production
  • European refined lead production
  • Latin American refined lead production
  • Middle East refined lead production
  • North American refined lead production
  • Oceania refined lead production
  • Russia and the Caspian refined lead production

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