The refined lead market is finely balanced for 2015 following reductions in forecast consumption for this year eradicating the previous negative balance. However, significantly reduced mine supply will curtail primary smelter output and lead to sizeable deficits in 2016 and 2017, forcing prices higher. Combined with continuing scrap tightness keeping secondary raw material costs high, the commodity price will peak during 2018 before subsiding again as the market moves back into surplus from that year onwards. Medium-term global growth will be 3.1% p.a. as many economies continue the process of recovery and uncertainty surrounds the future growth rate of the Chinese economy.