The refined lead market is finely balanced for 2015 despite slight reductions in forecast consumption for this year. However, significantly reduced mine supply will curtail primary smelter output and lead to sizeable deficits in 2016 and 2017, forcing prices higher. Combined with continuing scrap tightness keeping secondary raw material costs high, the commodity price will peak during 2018 before subsiding again as the market moves back into surplus from that year onwards. Medium-term global growth will be 3.1% p.a. as many economies continue the process of recovery and investor confidence returns to the Chinese economy.