Urucum is approximately 27 kilometres from the city of Corumba in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. The mine does not have a seamless mine to port infrastructure solution. Production is trucked to a rail loading facility and then railed to a river port before it is barged to an export terminal in Argentina. As Vale prioritises more-efficient-lower-cost assets, the company opted for shutting down operations at Urucum in 2016. All of Urucum's lump production was being exported via the seaborne iron ore market.