Capitao do Mato is a mid-sized surface mine and part of Vale's Vargem Grande complex, ultimately falling under Vale's Southern System operations. The mine is located in Brazil's Quadrilátero Ferrífero (QF) region and is approximately 15 kilometres south of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. The deposit is approximately 0.4 kilometres wide and 2.5 kilometres long. Due to Vale not owning 100% of the MRS railway, unlike most of their other logistic routes, they must pay market rates for transportation. As a result, Capitao do Mato's transport cost is one of the company's highest.