The wide Brent-WTI spread remained in focus in September, averaging above $5/bbl for the month. Return of USGC refiners to normal operations is being modestly offset by PADD II maintenance season, weighing on crude demand at the Cushing hub. Regional crude flows still appear to be distorted, with two consecutive US crude inventory draws but two Cushing stock builds. Mars has recently been trading at a rare premium to WTI, as OPEC cuts have lifted global medium prices and the wide Brent-WTI spread makes exports out of the Gulf Coast more attractive. Canadian pipeline projects continue to evolve, as TransCanada officially terminated Energy East and Kinder Morgan's Trans Mountain pipeline ran into trouble with the National Energy Board.