Pavlodar was commissioned in 2007 as Kazakhstan's first primary aluminium smelter. The adjacent refinery was commissioned over forty years earlier, in 1964. The smelter produces ingot, which is sold mainly for export. Wood Mackenzie’s asset reports are built from the bottom up, incorporating a number of granular data metrics to ultimately produce our industry standard cash operating costs. This report contains a detailed asset note giving you a holistic view of the asset, including an operational overview through to a timeline of events from inception to now. This qualitative analysis is supplemented by the associated Excel download which enables interrogation of a whole series of cost and production metrics over the life of the asset.