On 6th April the Office of Foreign Asset Control (OFAC), a department of the US Treasury imposed sanctions on seven Russian oligarchs and 17 senior government officials. The directive cited the annexation of Crimea and aggression towards Ukraine, support of the Syrian President and “malicious” cyber activities across the globe as the reasons for the sanctions. Swept up in the sanctions net was Oleg Deripaska and UC Rusal (Rusal), as well as En+ Group, which holds a 48% stake in Rusal. This latest event follows hot on the heels of multiple US trade actions under Section 232 and 301, and on Chinese foil and common alloy sheet imports. The impact on the aluminium market could be a game changer. We explore some of the key questions and possible solutions to the current unprecedented even.