Country Report

Iran upstream summary

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Report summary

Iran is an energy giant. It is the third largest oil producer in the Middle East and the third largest gas producer in the world, with output of around 9 million boe/d in 2018, roughly split evenly between liquids and gas. It has the world's second largest gas reserves behind Russia and the fourth largest conventional oil reserves.State-owned National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC) controls the Iranian oil and gas industry. IOCs had a major presence in the country before the Iranian ...

What's included

This report contains

  • Document

    Country Overview

    PDF 1.67 MB

  • Document

    Country Overview

    XLS 1.13 MB

  • Document

    Country Overview

    ZIP 2.60 MB

  • Document

    Executive summary

    PDF 131.62 KB

  • Document

    Key facts

    PDF 70.23 KB

  • Document

    Location maps

    PDF 181.25 KB

  • Document

    Key companies

    PDF 115.04 KB

  • Document

    Geology

    PDF 528.88 KB

  • Document

    Exploration

    PDF 138.61 KB

  • Document

    Reserves and resources

    PDF 131.33 KB

  • Document

    Production

    PDF 192.19 KB

  • Document

    Infrastructure

    PDF 798.62 KB

  • Document

    Costs

    PDF 96.87 KB

  • Document

    Policy and regulation

    PDF 142.18 KB

  • Document

    Fiscal terms

    PDF 166.98 KB

Table of contents

    • Oil production
    • Gas production
    • Foreign investment and technology
  • Key facts
  • Location maps
    • Main subsidiaries
    • Internationally-based subsidiaries of NIOC
      • NIOC-affiliated companies
      • State-affiliated companies
      • IRGC-affiliated companies
      • Private companies
      • Due diligence
      • Operating capability
      • Financing capability
    • Foreign companies
    • Introduction
    • Regional Tectonic Framework
      • The Arabian Platform
      • Reservoirs
      • Structural development
      • Other basins
    • South Caspian basin
      • Dalan Formation
      • Kangan Formation
      • Khami Group (Surmeh (Arab), Fahliyan (Yamama) and Dariyan (Shuaiba) Reservoirs)
      • Bangestan Group (Kazhdomi (Nahr Umr), Sarvak (Mishrif) and Ilam Formations)
      • Asmari Limestone
    • Source Rocks and Petroleum Type
      • 1901-1979
      • Islamic Revolution
      • 1995 - The return of foreign oil companies
      • 1998 - First buy-back round
      • 2003 Offshore licensing round
      • 2004 Exploration licensing round
      • 2007 Exploration licensing round
      • IPC tenders
      • Drilling activity
      • Onshore and the Persian Gulf
      • 1900-1979
      • 1979-2002
      • 2003-present
      • Caspian Sea activity
    • Oil reserves and resources
    • Gas reserves and resources
    • Maturity of the Reserve Base
    • Reserves by field
      • Historical production
      • Oil production outlook
      • Condensate and NGL production growth
      • OPEC
      • Sales gas historical production
      • Gas production outlook
      • Dedicated re-injection projects
      • Oil
      • Gas
      • Pumping stations
      • Deliveries to domestic refineries
      • Oil import infrastructure
      • Oil refineries
      • Oil export terminals
    • Gas infrastructure
      • IGAT-1
      • IGAT-2
      • IGAT-3
      • IGAT-4
      • IGAT-5
      • IGAT-6
      • IGAT-7
      • The North and North East gas pipeline
      • IGAT-8
      • IGAT-9
      • Major Gas Processing Facilities
      • Fajr-e Jam (formerly Valli Asr)
      • Bid Boland
      • Khangiran (Hasheminejad)
      • Dalan
      • Assaluyeh
      • Parsian 1 and 2
      • Turkey
      • Azerbaijan (swap for Nakhchivan region)
      • Armenia
      • UAE - Sharjah
      • Pakistan and India (IPI Pipeline)
      • Iraq
      • Oman
      • Supply - South Pars
      • Progress
      • Supply - North Pars
      • Progress
      • Sales
      • Petroleum Act (1974)
      • Oil Act (1987)
      • Other developments
      • Iranian Constitution - Article 44
      • Iranian Constitution - Article 81
      • Iran Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA), 1996
    • Regulatory body
    • State oil company
      • National Iranian South Oil Company (NISOC)
      • Iranian Central Oil Fields Company (ICOFC)
      • Khazar Exploration and Production Company (KEPCO)
      • Iranian Offshore Oil Company (IOOC)
      • Pars Oil and Gas Company (POGC)
      • Petroleum Engineering and Development Company (PEDEC)
      • Arvandan Oil and Gas Company (AOGC)
    • National Iranian Gas Company (NIGC)
    • National Iranian Gas Export Company (NIGEC)
    • State participation
    • Licensing
    • Overview
      • Buy-back contracts
      • Iran Petroleum Contract (IPC)
      • Pipelines
      • Gas Utilisation
    • Current fiscal terms
      • Main innovations
      • State Equity Participation
      • Bonuses, rentals and fees
      • Royalty and other production taxes
      • Buy-back cost recovery
      • Buy-back Profit Sharing
      • Corporate (or Petroleum) Income Tax
      • Government Priority Production
      • Corporate Income Tax
      • Capital and Operating Costs
      • Royalty
    • NISOC Contract
    • Sample Cash Flow - Iran Petroleum Contract
    • Sample Cash Flow - Buy-back contract
      • The original buy-back concept
      • First generation of buy-backs (up to 1995)
      • Second generation of buy-backs (1995 to 2003)
      • Third generation of buy-backs (from 2003)
    • Agreements with international companies

Tables and charts

This report includes 45 images and tables including:

Tables

  • Key facts: Table 1
  • Reserves and resources: Table 1
  • Reserves and resources: Table 2
  • Reserves and resources: Table 3
  • Reserves and resources: Table 4
  • Infrastructure: Table 1
  • Fiscal terms: Table 1
  • Fiscal terms: Table 2
  • Fiscal terms: Table 3
  • Fiscal terms: Table 4
  • Fiscal terms: Table 5
  • Fiscal terms: Table 6
  • Fiscal terms: Table 7
  • Fiscal terms: Table 8
  • Exploration: Table 1
  • Exploration: Table 2
  • Exploration: Table 3
  • Exploration: Table 4
  • Exploration: Table 5
  • Exploration: Table 6
  • Production: Table 1
  • Production: Table 2
  • Production: Table 3
  • Production: Table 4
  • Production: Table 5
  • Production: Table 6
  • Infrastructure: Table 2

Images

  • Liquids Production (2000-2025)
  • Location maps: Image 1
  • Gas Production by Sector (2000-2025)
  • Remaining Commercial and Technical Reserves at 01/01/2018
  • Liquids and Gas Production 2018
  • Iran: Sedimentary Basins Map
  • Remaining and Produced Liquids and Gas Reserves
  • Iran Oil Infrastructure Map
  • Iran Gas Infrastructure Map
  • Organisation Chart
  • Iran Generalised Stratigraphy (Arabian and Zagros Basins)
  • Exploration Drilling
  • Country Liquids Production (Oil, Cond, LPG)
  • Liquids Production (2000-2025)
  • Liquids Production by Sector (2000-2025)
  • Gas Production by Sector (2000-2025)
  • Historic Capital Expenditure by Region (US$ Million)
  • Historic Operating Expenditure by Region (US$ Million)

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