In August 2018, South Sudan’s petroleum minister announced that production had resumed from the Greater Nile Oil Project. Production from the area had been shut-in since the outbreak of civil war in December 2013. In June 2018, the South Sudanese government and rebel fighters agreed to a ceasefire leading to a power-sharing agreement, which was signed on 6 August 2018. South Sudan hopes to double its oil output by the end of the year. But is this even remotely likely? The full extent of damage to field infrastructure is unknown, as is the performance of oil reservoirs that have been shut-in for five years. However, the biggest uncertainty is whether the peace deal will last long enough for any production increases to be sustained.