Brazil s Usiminas plans to idle hot metal production at two of its five operating blast furnaces due to poor market conditions. The company will close the No. 1 blast furnace at Cubatao and the No. 1 furnace at Ipatinga within the next few weeks which is expected to reduce hot metal production by a total of 120 000 tonnes per month. Taking into account the use of petcoke for about 25% of their blends we estimate this action will lower coal demand by 772 000 tpa.