Ensham (Underground) is located in the southern Bowen Basin. Ensham's surface mine used to be one of Queensland's largest thermal coal exporters, with marketable production in excess of 8 Mtpa in 2005. But output from the surface mine decreased significantly since then because of rising costs associated with a high strip ratio. Ensham (Underground) started production in 2012 and is covered by the ML70365 mining lease. We discuss the Ensham surface mine in a separate asset report.