In our every month in brief we explore the latest developments and themes happening across India's upstream downstream gas coal and power sectors. Latest figures suggest that India's oil demand went up by 405 kb/d in Q1 2016. In this edition we look behind the various drivers that is fuelling the rapid growth. Besides the key fuels diesel gasoline and LPG petroleum coke contributed 15% to the demand growth in FY 2016 (April 2015 March 2016). More significantly India's oil demand crossed 4 million barrels/day in Q1 2016. When China crossed the 4 million mark back in 1999 that marked the beginning of a decade long boom. We contrast the differences between the make up of India's demand today and China's demand back then.