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Brazil iron ore supply summary

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Report summary

Iron ore price hikes during the second semester of 2016 further encouraged growth from Brazil, the world's lowest-cost and second-largest exporting country. Cash margins increased by over 17% in 2016 which provided more than enough incentive for Vale to push on with its huge expansion plans.We estimate the country’s marketable production to rise by 6.4% in 2017 mostly as a result of Vale’s S11D ramp-up. But while Brazil's iron ore industry is faring better than most, it is far from being in boom times with falling investment, curtailments from junior producers and cost cutting being key themes.However, the benefits coming from cost-cutting measures are proving to be challenging as most efficiency and productivity gains were already reaped over the past two years. This, combined with a stronger Brazilian real and higher oil prices, will mean that Brazil's average total cash cost on a free-on-board (FOB) basis will increase by 2.3% in 2017.

What's included

This report contains

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    Brazil iron ore supply summary

    PDF 3.93 MB

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    Brazil iron ore supply summary

    ZIP 4.11 MB

  • Document

    Brazil Iron Ore Supply Summary 2017.xls

    XLS 453.50 KB

Table of contents

  • Executive summary
  • Location maps
    • Vale
    • CSN
    • Anglo American
    • Samarco
  • Geology
  • Quality
  • Reserves and resources
    • Quadrilatero Ferrifero:
    • Carajas Basin:
    • Urucum Basin:
  • Infrastructure
    • Cash costs
    • Capital costs
  • Margins
  • Fiscal terms

Tables and charts

This report includes 20 images and tables including:


  • Brazil iron ore producing regions
  • Attributable marketable production by company
  • Quadrilatero Ferrifero
  • Carajas Basin
  • Urucum Basin
  • Raw Fe grade 2017
  • Product impurities - alumina and silica 2017
  • Marketable production by product type
  • Costed production by status
  • Port export capacity
  • Quadrilatero Ferrifero
  • Carajas Basin
  • Urucum Basin
  • Average operating margin (US$/tonne)
  • Cash costs by key company
  • 62% Fe adjusted CFR cost curve to North China, Q2 2017
  • Cash costs
  • Capital costs


  • Attributable marketable reserves by company (at 01/01/2017)
  • Fiscal terms

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