Located in western Uganda the Albert Edward Rift basin is the first East African Rift system to have provided significant onshore oil finds and has spurred exploration in similar nearby basins notably in Kenya. The basin first attracted international attention in 2006 when the play making Kingfisher oil field was discovered. Since then a total of 1.6 billion barrels of recoverable oil has been found the majority of which is commercially viable to develop. However the development of existing and future discoveries depends on the construction of a major export pipeline across difficult terrain with poor existing infrastructure. The project which will either consist of a standalone pipeline through Tanzania or a shared pipeline connecting the Ugandan fields with discoveries in Kenya is expected to be commissioned in 2022. Explorers can expect to achieve healthy returns if oil prices recover but a sustained period of low prices would threaten value creation from future finds.