Carborough Downs in an underground longwall coal mine located in the Bowen Basin in central Queensland, 20 kilometres east of Moranbah. Operations commenced in 2005 as a bord and pillar operation before the 2009 expansion and introduction of a longwall. Coal is extracted from Leichardt seam, as part of the Rangal coal measures. The mine exports predominantly hard coking coal for the export market, as well as a smaller fraction of PCI. The mine is currently operated by Fitzroy within mining leases, ML70339, ML70340, ML70374 and ML70375.