Commodity Market Report

Global lead investment horizon outlook - Q3 2023

Get this report


You can pay by card or invoice

For details on how your data is used and stored, see our Privacy Notice.

- FAQs about online orders
- Find out more about subscriptions

Cost push inflation has generated high pay settlements and wider inflationary pressures remain in place . Consequently high interest rates raised in response have increased living and borrowing costs and are are pushing economies towards recession. But state subsidies have stimulated the EV market in North America and EVs continue to increase penetration in Europe and China. OE lead demand is solid because stop start technology in ICE and plug-in hybrid vehicles continues to increase market share. Alongside robust consumption, refined lead supply is struggling to keep up and compensate for the metal being consumed that last year came from stock. Having already been weak during the first half of 2023, primary production should continue to be encumbered by mine disruption in the second half. Even with mine supply forecast to ramp up in 2024-2025, stocks of concentrate and metal are not expected to exceed long-term levels until 2026 and beyond.

Table of contents

Tables and charts

This report includes 28 images and tables including:

  • Table: Price forecasts and refined market balances
  • Chart: Concentrate and metal supply-demand balance and price forecast
  • Chart: Total stocks and long-term prices
  • Chart: Regional refined lead consumption growth
  • Chart: China’s proportion of total demand stabilises as its lead market matures
  • Table: Regional refined lead consumption (kt Pb)
  • Global refined lead production capability
  • Lead key forecasts
  • African lead mine capability
  • Asian lead mine capability
  • European lead mine capability
  • Latin American lead mine capability
  • Middle Eastern lead mine capability
  • North American lead mine capability
  • Oceania lead mine capability
  • Russia and the Caspian lead mine capability
  • Global lead mine production capability and mine projects
  • Global lead mine production capability and market adjustments
  • Analysis of the lead-zinc mine production ratio
  • Changes to projects listing
  • African refined lead production capability
  • Asian refined lead production capability
  • European refined lead production capability
  • Latin American refined lead production capability
  • Middle East refined lead production capability
  • North American refined lead production capability
  • Oceania refined lead production capability
  • Russia and the Caspian refined lead production capability

What's included

This report contains:

  • Document

    Global lead investment horizon outlook - Q3 2023

    PDF 1.09 MB