Sishen is a large–scale surface mine in the Northern Cape province of South Africa. The mine is operated by Kumba, which is 76.3% owned by Anglo American. In 2016, Sishen re-configured its mine and mining costs were significantly reduced, but the new plan also reduced annual production by 10 Mtpa and lowered reserves. Mining costs rose in 2017 due to higher diesel fuel prices and increased volumes. Production is expected to remain at 30 Mtpa for the life of the mine.