Report summaryImperial Oil's Cold Lake in-situ operation is located 300 kilometres northeast of Edmonton and was the first commercial in-situ oil sands operation. Bitumen is recovered using the Cyclic Steam Stimulation (CSS) extraction technique. This is a technology that was developed at Imperial's pilot plants in the 1960s and 1970s. It involves injecting steam into the oil sands reservoir, which heats the bitumen and allows it to flow. Each period of steam injection is followed by a ...
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