Textile mill consumption in Africa and the Middle East has increased slowly in the 20 years between 1990 and 2015. The CAGR at 1.2% seems low for a region that includes large raw materials for MMF and also includes important cotton and wool producing countries. A dynamic textile industry has failed to develop other than in regions such as North Africa where apparel exports play a fundamental economic role. Slow growth in TMC can be attributed to the relentless rise in textile imports, estimated at around 3 million mt in 2015, and lacklustre final domestic demand for fibre. While there is the potential for much higher TMC such an outcome seems unlikely since other regions, especially Asia, are targeting textile and apparel exports to AME.