Japan is one of the largest energy markets in Asia Pacific. It's the world's largest importer of LNG, 3rd largest coal importer and 4th largest oil importer. As a highly mature market Japanese macro growth is expected to slow . Combined with an ageing and declining population, this will temper the pace of long-term demand growth. Japanese energy demand is expected to decline by 16% to 2040. Import dependence however will remain steady around 85-90%. Total energy demand will fall towards 400 Mtoe by 2040. Oil and coal will remain dominant fuel sources through the forecast but will lose share to gas and renewables. Nuclear is not expected to return to pre-Fukushima levels. With growing focus on the energy transition globally and more attention on new energies like hydrogen, could Japan's energy transition accelerate?