With new export projects being built in Mozambique, Mauritania, Senegal, Nigeria and Tanzania, African nations are set for an unprecedented boom in gas exports. But previous export projects have struggled to stimulate growth for gas demand. This paper explore's how the industry can change that this time round. We draw from examples around the world where domestic markets have been built in parallel with export projects. Investigating how governments and upstream oil companies can work together to facilitate a positive environment for gas intensive industries such as fertiliser, chemicals, and gas to liquids to invest in the country.