Chinese authorities have taken an increasingly stringent stance on zinc mining since 2015 in an attempt to raise the environmental and safety standards of mine operation. Further ongoing inspections could continue to hinder output growth, restricting the potential for closed mines to restart. In this insight, we have quantified the impact from the tightening of environmental and safety standards. Such impact has resulted in industry consolidation and a change in dynamics between small and large-scale mines. We also look at future projects and analyse how consolidation might prove to be a driver for output growth.