Commodity Market Report

Global aluminium long-term outlook Q3 2019

Get this report

$6,750

You can pay by card or invoice

Contact us

Submit your details to receive further information about this report.

For details on how your data is used and stored, see our Privacy Notice.
 

- FAQ's about online orders
- Find out more about subscriptions

What’s the key takeaway in our latest quarterly aluminium outlook report?

A sharp slowdown in global economic activity, escalating trade tensions and rising geopolitical risks will keep annual average LME aluminium prices below US$1900/t out to 2023. Out to 2030, we expect prices to trend upwards.

Why buy this report?

Get answers to all your questions about the global aluminium market, including:

  • How will global warming and decarbonisation impact the aluminium industry?
  • Will rising scrap availability affect the level of investment in new smelting capacity?
  • Are Chinese semis exports here to stay, or will they go away?
  • As the dynamic between the China and rest of the world changes, where are the other emerging aluminium production hotspots?

The report includes a full set of data and charts, including this one, tracking changes in aluminium production capacity and demand for the last 30 years, and providing forecasts out to 2040. Scroll down to see the complete table of contents.

26 September 2019

Global aluminium long-term outlook Q3 2019

Report summary

The aluminium metal market service long term outlook (LTO) is published quarterly and provides a detailed forecast of aluminium supply and demand fundamentals out to 2040. Our latest assessment of primary aluminium market fundamentals points to a deficit of 1 Mt in 2019. Despite what appears, on paper, to be a price supportive balance, the LME price has been on a downtrend throughout 2019. The official cash price has lost 9% of its value since it peaked in March. Beyond 2019, we forecast the market to be in surplus out to 2022. The dynamic between the China and rest of the world balance is changing. We expect China to move into deficit on modest output growth while the world ex-China will swing to a surplus over the next 3 years. Further out the aluminium industry will face the twin challenges of climate change and how to deal with rising availability of scrap.

Table of contents

  • Aluminium market outlook
  • Alumina market outlook
    • Main risks around our base case aluminium market outlook
  • Long term aluminium prices
    • Changes to consumption forecasts since Q2 2019
    • Asia
    • China
    • Asia ex-China
    • North America
    • United States
    • Project Classification
    • Summary
    • Global smelter production and capacity 2018-2040
    • Africa
    • North America
    • Latin America
    • Middle East
    • Asia
    • Europe
    • Russia and Caspian
    • Oceania
    • Project Classification
    • Summary
    • Global refinery production and capacity 2018-2040
    • Africa
    • North America
    • Latin America and the Caribbean
    • Middle East
    • Asia
    • India
    • Indonesia
    • China
    • Europe
    • Russia and Caspian
    • Oceania
    • Regional focus
    • Africa
    • Latin America
    • North America
    • Middle East
    • Asia
    • Other Asia
    • Europe
    • Russia and Caspian
    • Oceania

Tables and charts

This report includes 80 images and tables including:

  • Global supply-demand balance, LME cash prices and stocks in days of consumption
  • China swings into deficit in 2019
  • Elevated days of consumption in world ex-China points to lower requirement for new capacity over the medium term
  • Global aluminium balance, 2018-2023, 2025, 2035, 2040
  • World ex-China alumina capacity and demand (Mt)
  • Long-term alumina market balance and price forecast
  • Atlantic Seaborne supply & demand, 2010-2035, Mt
  • Indo-Pacific Seaborne supply & demand, 2010-2035, Mt
  • Bunker fuel mix assumptions
  • Indicative freight rates, Atlantic to Yantai (China), 2015-2025, US$/t bauxite
  • Global seaborne bauxite balance and prices, 2018-2023, 2025, 2035, 2040
  • Metal prices, cash costs and aluminium stocks
  • Aluminium: the required aluminium incentive price is lower than the historical average at US$2250/t
  • Aluminium incentive price, long run operating cost and capital intensity, US$/t
  • Average LME aluminium cash prices, 1991-2040 and incentive price (US$/t)
  • Primary aluminium cash prices, 1970-2040 (US$/t)
  • Alumina: incentive price at US$380/t on transformation of geography and environmental landscape
  • Alumina incentive price, long run operating cost and capital intensity, US$/t
  • Global alumina balances and prices, 2018-2023, 2025, 2035, 2040
  • Average one-year contract alumina prices, 1991-2040
  • Alumina prices, 1970-2040 (US$/t)
  • Global primary aluminium consumption (Mt)
  • Global primary demand to hit peak at 86.4 Mt in 2029
  • China's share of global primary demand set to peak at 60% in 2026
  • China's primary aluminium intensive growth to end in mid-2020s
  • Share of ICE car sales to slump from 83% in 2018 to 50% by 2040
  • Europe primary aluminium consumption 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (kt)
  • European consumption of primary aluminium
  • Total bauxite supply and demand, Mt
  • Global metallurgical bauxite requirement 2018-2023, 2025, 2035, 2040 (Mt)
  • Base case global bauxite supply 2018-2023, 2025, 2035, 2040 (Mt)
  • Main changes to primary aluminium consumption forecast Q2 2019 vs Q3 2019 (kt)
  • Asia primary aluminium consumption kt
  • Chinese primary aluminium consumption (Mt and year-on-year % growth)
  • Aluminium demand growth tracking below industrial production from 2026
  • Demand splits by end-use sectors
  • Aluminium demand from construction set to peak in 2025 but driven by secondary metal
  • Non-residential construction will support aluminium over the next five years
  • Asia primary aluminium consumption 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (kt)
  • North America primary aluminium consumption 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (kt)
  • US consumption per end-use sector
  • US consumption and production of automotive body sheet
  • World ex-China market moves to a surplus
  • Ex-China primary aluminium demand and capacity (@95% utilisation), 2016-2040, Mtpa
  • China smelter technology making inroads in Asia
  • China aluminium capacity buildout
  • Global aluminium production 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (kt)
  • Africa aluminium production 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (kt)
  • North America aluminium production 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (kt)
  • Latin America aluminium production 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (kt)
  • Middle East aluminium production 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (kt)
  • Asia aluminium production 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (kt)
  • Europe aluminium production 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (kt)
  • Russia and Caspian aluminium production 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (kt)
  • Oceania aluminium production 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (kt)
  • Long-term alumina supply assured
  • Global alumina production 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (kt)
  • Africa alumina production 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (kt)
  • North America alumina production 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (kt)
  • Latin America and the Caribbean alumina production 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (kt)
  • Middle East alumina production 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (kt)
  • Asia alumina production 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (kt)
  • China alumina production forecast by province, 2018-2023 (ktpa)
  • Refining capacity booms in southern China, 2019 and 2023 (ktpa)
  • Europe alumina production 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (kt)
  • Russia and Caspian alumina production 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (kt)
  • Oceania alumina production 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (kt)
  • Monthly Guinean bauxite exports by destination country, 2013-2023 (projected potential from H2 2019)
  • Africa bauxite production and demand, 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (Mt)
  • Latin America and Caribbean bauxite production and demand, 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (Mt)
  • North America bauxite production and demand, 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (Mt)
  • Middle East bauxite production and demand, 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (Mt)
  • Central Chinese refinery costs using domestic and imported ore, 2016-present, US$/t
  • China’s conversion to imported bauxite by processing method, 2019
  • Chinese seaborne bauxite consumption by province, 2018, 2019, 2023
  • Asia bauxite production and demand, 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (Mt)
  • Major Montenegrin bauxite exports, 2015-2019 (annualised), Mt
  • Europe bauxite production and demand, 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (Mt)
  • Russia and Caspian bauxite production and demand, 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (Mt)
  • Oceania bauxite production and demand, 2018-2023, 2025, 2035 and 2040 (Mt)

What's included

This report contains:

  • Document

    Global aluminium long-term outlook Q3 2019

    PDF 3.66 MB

  • Document

    Global aluminium long-term outlook Q3 2019

    ZIP 3.61 MB

  • Document

    Production rankings aluminium LTO Q3 2019.xls

    XLS 564.00 KB

  • Document

    Market balance and prices aluminium LTO Q3 2019.xls

    XLS 303.50 KB

  • Document

    Demand analysis aluminium LTO Q3 2019.xls

    XLS 894.00 KB

  • Document

    Demand main changes aluminium LTO Q3 2019.xls

    XLS 295.50 KB

  • Document

    Supply main changes aluminium LTO Q3 2019.xls

    XLS 628.50 KB

  • Document

    Smelter analysis aluminium LTO Q3 2019.xls

    XLS 1.00 MB

  • Document

    Refinery analysis aluminium LTO Q3 2019.xls

    XLS 689.50 KB

  • Document

    Mine analysis aluminium LTO Q3 2019.xls

    XLS 362.50 KB

  • Document

    Aluminium_Tables_Q3_2019.pdf

    PDF 1.13 MB

Trusted by leading organisations