Commodity Market Report

Graphite market 2021 outlook to 2050

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31 December 2021

Graphite market 2021 outlook to 2050

Report summary

Graphite is a key energy transition material, critical to the manufacture of lithium-ion battery anodes. Robust growth for batteries in electric vehicles and energy storage systems has already begun to underpin significant changes to the landscape of the graphite industry – changes that will continue through to 2050 based on the current range of battery technologies. Graphite was previously a slow moving and mature industry, feeding mainly steel-based applications. Battery growth is now driving the production of higher performance and higher value refined products which come with their own set of pressures on raw material supply and which are increasingly in focus for environmental sustainability.

Table of contents

Tables and charts

This report includes 31 images and tables including:

  • Market balance and prices for natural graphite
  • Nominal prices flake vs spherical
  • Real price flake vs spherical
  • Graphite demand and the changing end-use landscape
  • Synthetic graphite supply with % China
  • Natural graphite supply with % China and Africa
  • Natural graphite market balance
  • Battery market growth and associated graphite demand
  • Top Li-ion anode manufacturers, 2021
  • Graphite’s role as an active Li-ion anode material
  • Role of the automotive sector in forecast lithium-ion battery growth
  • Steel market trends and non-battery graphite growth
  • Electric arc furnace vs basic oxygen furnace steel production with growth led by China
  • Refractory production and graphite demand split
  • Key mine supply forecast data
  • Natural graphite supply by region
  • Ex-China downstream processing projects
  • Synthetic graphite supply by region
  • Natural flake graphite price forecast
  • Natural amorphous graphite price forecast
  • Battery-grade natural graphite price forecast
  • Key demand forecast data
  • Graphite demand by application
  • Plug-in EV sales by region
  • Top selling plug-in electric vehicle brands by region, January-October 2021 (units)
  • Automotive sales outlook by powertrain type
  • Lithium-ion battery automotive capacity by region
  • Africa: natural flake graphite production by country
  • Brazil: production of natural flake graphite vs domestic crude steel

What's included

This report contains:

  • Document

    Graphite market 2021 outlook to 2050

    PDF 1.23 MB