Koira is an open pit mine with an annual production capacity of 4 million tonnes. It is located 461 kilometres north-west of Paradip port, in the Sundergarh district of Odisha. Koira is wholly owned by Essel Mining, a subsidiary of the Aditya Birla Group. The mine first commenced production in 1971 and is expected to operate through to 2040. Koira's production is limited to 4 Mtpa by its environmental permits despite the fact that it has a 13 Mtpa production quota from the state of Odisha.