Country Report

Iran upstream summary

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23 February 2021

Iran upstream summary

Report summary

Iran is an energy giant. It is the third largest oil producer in the Middle East and the third largest gas producer in the world. Output was around 7.8 million boe/d in 2020, roughly split 40% liquids and 60% gas. It has the world's third largest gas reserves behind Russia and the US and the sixth largest conventional oil reserves.State-owned National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC) controls the Iranian oil and gas industry. IOCs last had a major presence in the country before the Iranian ...

Table of contents

    • Oil production
    • Gas production
    • Foreign investment and technology
  • Key facts
  • Location maps
    • Main subsidiaries
    • Internationally-based subsidiaries of NIOC
    • Selected local E&P companies for IPC projects
      • NIOC-affiliated companies
      • State-affiliated companies
      • IRGC-affiliated companies
      • Private companies
      • Due diligence
      • Operating capability
      • Financing capability
    • Foreign companies
    • Introduction
    • Regional Tectonic Framework
    • Zagros and Arabian basins
      • The Arabian Platform
      • Reservoirs
      • Structural development
      • Other basins
    • South Caspian basin
    • Major petroleum plays
      • Dalan Formation
      • Kangan Formation
      • Khami Group (Surmeh (Arab), Fahliyan (Yamama) and Dariyan (Shuaiba) Reservoirs)
      • Bangestan Group (Kazhdomi (Nahr Umr), Sarvak (Mishrif) and Ilam Formations)
      • Asmari Limestone
    • Source Rocks and Petroleum Type
    • Licensing
      • 1901-1979
      • Islamic Revolution
      • 1995 - The return of foreign oil companies
      • 1998 - First buy-back round
      • 2003 Offshore licensing round
      • 2004 Exploration licensing round
      • 2007 Exploration licensing round
      • IPC tenders
    • Drilling
      • Drilling activity
      • Onshore and the Persian Gulf
      • 1900-1979
      • 1979-2002
      • 2003-present
      • Caspian Sea activity
    • Oil reserves and resources
    • Gas reserves and resources
    • Maturity of the reserve base
    • Reserves by field
    • Oil/Liquids
      • Oil production outlook
      • Condensate and NGL production growth
      • Historical production
      • OPEC
    • Gas
      • Gas production outlook
      • Dedicated re-injection projects
      • Sales gas historical production
    • Introduction
      • Oil
      • Gas
    • Oil infrastructure
      • Future oil pipelines
      • Pumping stations
      • Deliveries to domestic refineries
      • Oil import infrastructure
      • Oil refineries
      • Oil export terminals
    • Gas infrastructure
      • Existing Pipelines
      • IGAT-1
      • IGAT-2
      • IGAT-3
      • IGAT-4
      • IGAT-5
      • IGAT-6
      • IGAT-7
      • IGAT-8
      • The North and North East gas pipeline
      • Future Gas Pipelines
      • IGAT-9
      • IGAT-11
    • Gas Processing Facilities
      • Major Gas Processing Facilities
      • Fajr-e Jam (formerly Valli Asr)
      • Bid Boland
      • Khangiran (Hasheminejad)
      • Dalan
      • Assaluyeh and Kangan
      • Parsian 1 and 2
    • Export Pipelines
      • Turkey
      • Azerbaijan (swap for Nakhchivan region)
      • Armenia
      • UAE - Sharjah
      • Pakistan and India (IPI Pipeline)
      • Iraq
      • Oman
    • LNG
      • Supply - South Pars
      • Progress
      • Supply - North Pars
      • Progress
      • Sales
    • Capital costs
      • Capital expenditure by location
    • Operating costs
      • Operating expenditure by location
    • Key legislation
      • Petroleum Act (1974)
      • Oil Act (1987)
      • Other developments
      • Iranian Constitution - Article 44
      • Iranian Constitution - Article 81
      • Iran Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA), 1996
    • Regulatory body
    • State oil company
    • National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC)
      • National Iranian South Oil Company (NISOC)
      • Iranian Central Oil Fields Company (ICOFC)
      • Khazar Exploration and Production Company (KEPCO)
      • Iranian Offshore Oil Company (IOOC)
      • Pars Oil and Gas Company (POGC)
      • Petroleum Engineering and Development Company (PEDEC)
      • Arvandan Oil and Gas Company (AOGC)
    • National Iranian Gas Company (NIGC)
    • National Iranian Gas Export Company (NIGEC)
    • State participation
    • Licensing
    • Overview
    • Upstream
      • Buy-back contracts
      • Iran Petroleum Contract (IPC)
    • Mid- and downstream
      • Pipelines
      • Gas Utilisation
    • Current fiscal terms
    • Iran Petroleum Contract
      • Main innovations
    • NISOC Contract
    • Buy-back Contracts
      • State Equity Participation
      • Bonuses, rentals and fees
      • Royalty and other production taxes
      • Buy-back cost recovery
      • Buy-back Profit Sharing
      • Corporate (or Petroleum) Income Tax
    • NIOC Contract Terms
      • Government Priority Production
      • Corporate Income Tax
      • Capital and Operating Costs
      • Royalty
    • Sample Cash Flow - Iran Petroleum Contract
    • Sample Cash Flow - Buy-back contract
    • Historical background
      • The original buy-back concept
      • First generation of buy-backs (up to 1995)
      • Second generation of buy-backs (1995 to 2003)
      • Third generation of buy-backs (from 2003)
    • Agreements with international companies

Tables and charts

This report includes 46 images and tables including:

  • Liquids Production (2000-2025)
  • Key facts: Table 1
  • Location maps: Image 1
  • Reserves and contingent resources at 01/01/2021
  • Liquids and Gas Production 2020
  • Iran: Sedimentary Basins Map
  • Reserves and resources: Table 1
  • Reserves and resources: Table 2
  • Reserves and resources: Table 3
  • Reserves and resources: Table 4
  • Reserves and resources: Table 5
  • Liquids and Gas Production and Reserves
  • Reserves and resources: Table 6
  • Iran Oil Infrastructure Map
  • Infrastructure: Table 1
  • Iran Gas Infrastructure Map
  • Organisation Chart
  • Fiscal terms: Table 1
  • Fiscal terms: Table 2
  • Fiscal terms: Table 3
  • Fiscal terms: Table 4
  • Fiscal terms: Table 5
  • Fiscal terms: Table 6
  • Fiscal terms: Table 7
  • Fiscal terms: Table 8
  • Iran Generalised Stratigraphy (Arabian and Zagros Basins)
  • Exploration: Table 1
  • Exploration: Table 2
  • Exploration: Table 3
  • Exploration: Table 4
  • Exploration: Table 5
  • Exploration: Table 6
  • Exploration Drilling
  • Country Liquids Production (Oil, Cond, LPG)
  • Production: Table 1
  • Production: Table 2
  • Liquids Production (2000-2025)
  • Liquids Production by Sector (2000-2025)
  • Production: Table 3
  • Production: Table 4
  • Gas Production by Sector (2000-2025)
  • Production: Table 5
  • Production: Table 6
  • Infrastructure: Table 2
  • Capital Expenditure by Region (US$ Million)
  • Operating Expenditure by Region (US$ Million)

What's included

This report contains:

  • Document

    Country Overview

    PDF 12.34 MB

  • Document

    Country Overview

    XLS 786.00 KB