Zubair was one of a handful of very large oil discoveries made around Basra southern Iraq in the late 1940s and early 1950s. In January 2010 the consortium of ENI KOGAS and Occidental Petroleum signed a Technical Service Contract (TSC) to develop the Zubair field. By the end of 2013 the joint venture had raised production from 182 000 b/d in 2009 to 305 000 b/d. However it reduced in 2014 because of issues relating to accessing water for reinjection. We expect production to increase again from 2015.