Fibres sustainability feed

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Welcome to the Fibres sustainability feed. In this rolling blog Wood Mackenzie's experts keep you up to date with all the latest sustainability issues affecting the various global fibre markets. This in-depth sustainability focused content in conjunction with the Fibres short-term service (Fibres and Technical Fibres monthly reports) provides a comprehensive assessment of the key fundamentals currently impacting the world of fibres.

Table of contents

    • Companies recycling fabrics made with blended or mixed fibres face considerable challenges
    • BASF and Inditex announce the development of the loopamid process to recycle nylon 6 in discarded textiles
    • The Swedish recycler Renewcell files for bankruptcy
    • Government policy could provide a standardized framework for the development of a sustainable textile industry
    • The European Commission is developing a suite of regulations to promote textile sustainability and recyclability
    • Price and value remain the most important determinants in consumers’ purchasing decisions
    • Increase in the textile industry’s adverse environmental impact with the growth in fast fashion
    • Strong growth in clothing resale platforms
    • The EU is set to introduce new rules to encourage textile repair and prevent textile destruction
    • The textile industry and its products are a major source of microplastics
    • Textile manufacture, laundry and use are also major sources of microfibres
    • Measures to cut microfibre pollution have been identified
    • Mitsubishi, Suntory and ENEOS have established a partnership to produce 100% bio-polyester
    • Avantium’s technology is being used to produce bio-PTA and bio-MEG for the production of bio-polyester
    • Several firms developing technologies to use carbon dioxide as feedstock for fibre precursors
    • 1. Lanza Tech.
    • 2. Fairbrics.
    • 3. Rubi Laboratories .
    • 4. Newlight Technologies .
    • 5. Covestro .
    • 6. Econic Technologies.
    • 7. Nature Works
    • CO 2 can be used as feedstock for fibre production
    • Fibre blends and combinations pose particular challenges for textile recyclers
    • Several firms now developing technology to recycle mixed fibres
    • Södra and Renewcell have established commercial plants recycling cellulose fibre
    • The EU has introduced its anti-deforestation regulation (EUDR)
    • H&M Foundation’s Global Change Awards
    • The Microfiber Innovation Challenge
    • Carbios secures funding for the polyester recycling plant in Longlaville (France)
    • The textile industry is a major global industry and a major source of environmental pollution
    • While consumer awareness of the importance of sustainability grows, cost remains a prime factor shaping purchasing decisions
    • Governments introducing legislation to improve the textile industry’s sustainability and recycling performance
    • Growing interest in the development of environmentally friendly textile bio-fibres
    • Engineered microbes are providing a route for bio-fibre production
    • A small number of companies are developing technologies to recycle the different fibres in blended fabrics
    • Hydrothermal and chemical technologies used to recycle mixed fibres
    • Platform launched in China to promote textile recycling and sustainable fibres
    • Growing interest in the use of enzymes to recycle textile fibres
    • 1. Cellulose
    • 2. Polyester
    • Enzymatic recycling of textile fibres is still in its infancy
    • Enzyme-based technology offers the possibility of an environmentally friendly recycling process
    • The chemistry for recycling the synthetic polymers used for fibres is well known
    • Many firms have used glycolysis to recycle polyester
    • Growing requisite to develop technologies to chemically recycle textiles made with mixed fibres
    • Open-loop recycling to produce fresh polyester fibre is based on recycling polyester bottles
    • Growing capacity to produce fresh polyester fibre from discarded bottles​
    • Technology available to lift mechanically recycled polyester's properties
    • Strong growth in sales of secondhand clothing
    • The use of mechanical recycling is set to grow ​
    • Renewcell signs agreements for its Circulose pulp with Eastman and Lenzing ​
    • Bio-based monomers and fibres under development to lessen the textile industry’s sustainability record
    • Avantium constructing a plant to produce 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid (FCDA) for polyethylene furanoate (PEF) manufacture
    • Lycra Company and Hyosung have announced the launch of bio-based spandex fibre
    • Textile polyester fibre has become a major waste issue
    • Many routes under development and commercialisation to recycle textile polyester fibre
    • Sateri has recently made a major investment in textile recycling technology
    • The major viscose and lyocell producers are advancing technology to use more recycled cellulose in their cellulosic fibres
    • Textile waste in the EU and Switzerland is set to reach 8.5-9.0 million tonnes by 2030
    • Euratex is planning to establish five hubs across Europe to process Europe’s textile waste
    • Are sustainable cellulosic fibres an important component of the textile industry’s response to its environmental issues
    • Lyocell’s development as a sustainable cellulosic fibre has been spread over six decades
    • China: trend in viscose staple, lyocell staple and cotton prices, Jan 2018 – July 2022
    • China: trend in price differential between ( i ) lyocell-VSF; and (ii) lyocell-cotton
    • Chinese lyocell exports have surged in recent years as more lyocell capacity was added
    • China: trend in lyocell staple imports
    • China: trend in lyocell staple exports
    • The Belgium start-up Noosa is developing sustainable polylactic acid fibre for textile applications
    • Several companies are exploring textile applications for bio-materials made from fungal mycelia
    • Carbon capture technology being developed to sequester carbon and decarbonise industries including the textile industry
    • Fairbrics and LanzaTech are using CO2 as feedstock for MEG production
    • Will cellulosic fibres be used to sequester carbon
    • Puma launches project to recycle polyester sportswear chemically
    • Technology developed to assess presence of recycled bottle polyester in garments
    • Renewcell to expand Circulose production to 120 ktpa
    • The apparel industry supply chain’s GHG emissions set to rise by 55% by 2030
    • Carbios and Indorama Ventures to build plant to recycle polyester waste enzymatically
    • Eastman constructing French recycling plant that will utilise its PET renewal technology
    • The European Commission is committed to a sustainable and circular textile market
    • EC’s roadmap for Europe’s textiles market
    • Majority of textiles sourced from outside Europe
    • Brands and their design teams to play major role in establishing circular textile economy
    • Textile industry is one source of microplastics
    • Rudi Labs to convert CO 2 to cellulosic fibres
    • New institute launched by management fund publishes report on microfibre shedding
    • Textiles shed 0.48-4.28 Mt microfibres annually
    • Claim 80% of oceanic microfibres are cellulosic
    • 120 million microfibres shed annually per Canadian household due to tumble drying clothes
    • What is the source of polymorphic cellulose?
    • Patagonia partnering Samsung to cut microfibres

Tables and charts

This report includes 12 images and tables including:

  • Estimated global contribution of major sources of microplastics
  • Global sources of microfibres
  • Chemical recycling technologies
  • Polyester solvolysis: processes and products
  • Polyester solvolysis recycling: processes and products
  • Chart title
  • GHG Emissions in the apparel supply chain
  • The estimates of textile microfibre shedding by stages in the textile's life cycle were:

What's included

This report contains:

  • Document

    Fibres sustainability feed

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