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Project Greensand: why it matters for CCUS and what Denmark did right

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23 March 2023

Project Greensand: why it matters for CCUS and what Denmark did right

Report summary

On the 8th March 2023, CO2 injection was initiated at the Project Greensand pilot. During the pilot phase, CO2 captured from Belgium will be transported cross-border via ship to Denmark, where it will be stored offshore in the depleted Nini West reservoir. This is the first project globally to demonstrate the feasibility of cross-border, offshore CO2 storage across the full value chain – from capture, to transport, through to storage. In the space of three years, Denmark has installed the necessary CCUS support and policy to launch the project, placing it as a frontrunner in the global CCUS industry.

Table of contents

  • Executive summary
    • Capture: INEOS ethylene oxide plant
    • Transport: container shipping
    • Storage: depleted Nini West reservoir
    • Monitoring
    • What Denmark did right
    • The London Protocol and cross-border CO 2 transport
    • Is Denmark’s policy reform done and dusted?
    • From pilot to commercial scale
    • Future expansion
    • Commercial scale CO 2 transport – to ship, or not to ship?
    • An international hub for CO 2 emissions
  • Looking at the bigger picture

Tables and charts

This report includes 4 images and tables including:

  • Map of the Greensand pilot locations
  • Table of key CCUS policy, regulation and funding initiatives in Denmark
  • Map of global London Protocol status
  • Europe's announced capture and storage capacity by country

What's included

This report contains:

  • Document

    Project Greensand: why it matters for CCUS and what Denmark did right

    PDF 1.30 MB