Thailand power affordability - how much coal?

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Report summary

EGAT is finalising the new 20-year Power Development Plan (PDP). It appears that coal is being prioritised to ensure long-term power security and affordability. With the depleting piped gas reserves and the projected role of high cost LNG, increasing the share of gas in the fuel mix will directly translate into higher power tariffs. To maintain the tariffs at current levels in real terms, we forecast that the contribution of coal in the plant capacity mix should top 20% by 2025 and 30% by 2030.

What's included

This report contains

  • Document

    Thailand power affordability - how much coal?

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Table of contents

  • Pricing Mechanism
  • What are the options available?
  • What does it require to maintain the current tariffs?
  • Impact on LNG
  • Conclusion

Tables and charts

This report includes 8 images and tables including:


  • Average cost and tariff
  • Long Run Marginal Cost (LRMC) by technology (2020)
  • Cost of generation vs current average tariff (real 2013)
  • Estimated change in tariff from current levels (real 2013)
  • Comparison with PDP 2010, Revision 3 (2025)
  • Thailand power affordability - how much coal?: Image 6
  • Gas demand in equivalent mtpa
  • Comparison with PDP: Reduction in LNG demand

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