Lithuania's economy has posted consistent GDP growth in recent years, but oil demand remains below pre-recession levels despite stimulation from low oil prices. Poland's PKN ORLEN operates Lithuania's sole refinery, which covers the majority of the country's refined product requirements and exports its surplus to neighbouring Baltic states. The refinery's capacity and complexity are above the European average, but it suffers from high crude transport costs after losing access to the Druzhba pipeline system. Heavy rationalisation of the retail fuels network over the past decade has reduced the total number of service stations, thereby supporting higher average throughputs per site. As long-term road fuel demand gradually declines, we expect further consolidation in the retail fuel market as small independent networks are acquired by larger players.