Q1 sees another record level oil sands production result, with strong growth this quarter coming from in situ projects. With curtailment lifted, projects are ramping up. Rail movements remain muted and will not increase in Q2 as planned mining maintenance lowers supply. Prices improved on the quarter too, which led to positive earnings announcements for the large oil sands players. Five companies posted net earnings of nearly Cdn$2.8 billion for Q1. Operating costs have remained stable through 2020 and now early 2021 as companies look to lock in the progress made in reducing costs.